Michigan Spoken Language Statistics

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Millions of Americans speak languages other than English in their homes. The American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates on spoken language statistics in Michigan each year .

Unlike the Census—which is an exact count of people and households every ten years—ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample. The data in this story shows population counts of Michigan’s people 5 and older, broken up by various characteristics. 

How many Michigan residents speak non-English languages in their homes? How many are native or foreign-born?

Note: To see data for different years, use the time-slider beneath the charts.

Indo-European languages include a huge swath of spoken languages, ranging from French to Farsi, along with the many languages spoken on the Indian subcontinent. (English and Spanish are also Indo-European languages, but are recorded in separate categories.) 

Asian and Pacific Island languages include Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, and languages spoken by indigenous people of Australia along with other Pacific cultures. 

The Other language category includes Afro-Asiatic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew, as well as Native American languages. 

How does Michigan's population of non-English speakers vary by age?

How many non-English speakers in Michigan live in poverty?

About the Data

Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates. The population considered in this report only includes people 5 years and older. The following tables are used:

 Nativity: Table B16005

• Age: Table B16007

• Population in Poverty: Table B16009

This report uses the Census Bureau Data API but is not endorsed or certified by the Census Bureau.