New York Gini Index of Income Inequality

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The Gini Index, or Gini coefficient, is a statistical measure of distribution that is often used to track economic inequality. It measures how wealth is distributed in a given population. The output is a value between 0 and 1. In New York and throughout the country, Gini Index is a major focus of the American Community Survey (ACS), conducted each year by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Higher values mean greater inequality. A Gini value of 0 means a perfectly equal society, where everyone's income is the same. A value of 1, on the other hand, represents perfect inequality—a society in which only one person or group has all the wealth. This report explores how New York’s Gini Index is changing—and how the data compares to the United States as a whole.

How does the Gini Index of New York compare to other states and the United States?

How does the Gini Index vary within New York?

Note: Hover over a county in New York to see its Gini Index.

About the Data

Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, table B19083. This report uses the Census Bureau Data API but is not endorsed or certified by the Census Bureau.